Keys & Strategies Critical Thinking Course Pack
The Keys & Strategies Critical Thinking Course Pack is designed to meet the need for a comprehensive online training course to improve critical thinking skills and mindset attributes of college students and adults.
This active learning program provides participants the opportunity to practice their critical thinking skills and develop their thinking mindset in situations that are relatively well understood, and in other situations where there is much more ambiguity.
Keys & Strategies
Every day strong thinking improves countless institutions, processes, procedures, efforts and plans. Good thinking is the foundation of success in all endeavors. Individuals, small and large groups make progress when they make a commitment to improving thinking skills and mindset.
Critical Thinking “Keys:” People who use critical thinking as their preferred approach to problem-solving and decision-making have habits of mind that are the keys to strong critical thinking. These peoples follow reason and evidence wherever they lead. They demonstrate a thinking mindset, analyzing problems honestly, systematically, open-mindedly and creatively.
Critical Thinking “Strategies:” Strong critical thinkers use their skills, applying thinking strategies (analyzing, evaluating, inferring, quantitative reasoning etc) to carefully consider all the available evidence and examine the contexts that are relevant to the situation.
The Thinking Keys and Strategies Critical Thinking Course is ideal for trainers of critical thinking in adult learning environments. Modules and assessments are suited for virtual or face to face modalities. This online critical thinking course pack targets the improvement of core components of critical thinking. It includes:
- Learning modules: 19 training modules include engaging content about how humans can build reasoning capacity and avoid common reasoning errors. Reflective thinking exercises are designed to practice skills and help develop the habits of mind of a strong critical thinker. Taken together, these modules cover all of the critical thinking skills and mindset attributes needed by professionals in today’s workplace.
- Assessment: A two part diagnostic assessment objectively measures the thinking mindset and reasoning skills of course participants. The online, validated assessment is aligned with the complete set of thinking mindset attributes (keys) and reasoning skills (strategies). Individual and group reports are provided.
- Information about Active Learning Strategies: Useful strategies and resources for teaching and active learning in all settings are included in a User Guide for instructors.&
Administration of Keys & Strategies
A flexible online structure permits participants to work at their own pace, controlling their time on task and progress.
Secure, encrypted online training and testing is available 24x7x365 with our multilingual delivery options. The online participant interface is easy to use, data encrypted and flexible. Assessments can be assigned to be taken within any window of time which meets the instructor’s needs. Each test is scored as soon as the test taker submits responses to the items on the test.
Insight Assessment manages logins/passwords, assignments. Skilled assessment specialists can help you integrate into training management processes. Tech support is available 24/7.
Validity and reliability of the assessments meet the highest standards for measures of attributes (Cronbach’s alpha) and skills (Kuder Richardson statistic).
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Online Critical Thinking Course
The Keys & Strategies Critical Thinking Course Pack presents proven learning modules designed to improve thinking and problem-solving. The modules in this training program are designed to externalize evidence of your adult learners’ thinking process as they analyze and work through relevant problems, complete reflective thinking exercises, and as they reflect additionally when the exercises are debriefed (as they are immediately after each exercise is completed).
Available in English and Spanish, learning modules can be completed in any order. Each module contains embedded reflective thinking exercises with a suggesting time frame for completing the exercise. Following each exercise, there is a debrief and transition to the next important learning exercise. Group sessions add the potential for additional discussion and shared insights, helpful for integrating content, practicing thinking skills and building habits of mind.
Each module focuses on one or more very distinct attributes, each of which are valued by employers, community groups, and everyone who works on decision teams.
Modules that Train Keys (Critical Thinking Mindset)
These modules focus on the personal attributes that support strength in reasoning and decision-making. Each module addresses the willingness to engage problems and to make decisions using strong critical thinking.
Fostering a Positive Critical Thinking Mindset
A positive critical thinking mindset gives us that powerful, consistent, internal motivation to apply our critical thinking skills to problem-solving and decision-making. This module offers specific suggestions for cultivating a positive critical thinking mindset. It contrasts truth-seeking, open-mindedness, foresight, systematicity, confidence in reasoning, inquisitiveness, and maturity of judgment with their opposites. Using vivid examples from popular culture, the module notes the ambiguity of the adjective “good” as applied to “critical thinker”, distinguishing the intent to praise the person’s reasoning skill from a judgement about the ethics of what they do.
The Workplace Power of Critical Thinking
This overview module clarifies what we mean by critical thinking, demonstrates the importance of critical thinking, and differentiates between the skills dimension and the mindset dimension of critical thinking. The module introduces the “IDEAS General Problem-Solving” process, which features the application of core critical thinking skills to genuine life and workplace decisions and problems. The module is rounded out by an easily applied evaluation process that will assist you to confidently rate the quality of a decision process.
Committed, Dependable, and Honorable
This module addresses the significance of commitment, dependability, and honor, along with ways we can strengthen these important thinking mindset attributes. For example, the committed employee is orientated toward the company and the job, its people and its mission. Dependability is the motivation to complete assigned tasks and take pride in the accomplishment of assignments. Loyalty and dedication characterize a person who is committed and dependable. Honorable people are honest, they have personal integrity, they are truthful, respect other people’s property, follow rules, and keep promises.
Truth-Seeking, Judicious, and Trustful of Reason
This module addresses the significance of truth-seeking, judiciousness, and trust in reasoning, along with ways we can strengthen these important thinking mindset attributes. Truth-seeking is always desiring the best possible understanding of any given situation. A truth-seeing person has the intellectual integrity to follow reasons and evidence wherever they may lead. The judicious person has maturity of judgment characterized by displaying thoughtfulness in decision-making and an awareness that there is often more than one reasonable option, and that poor decisions should be dispassionately revisited. Trust or confidence in reasoning is the habitual tendency to rely upon and to trust reflective thinking to solve problems and to make decisions.
Foresightful, Driven, and Organized
This module addresses the significance of foresight, drive, and organization, along with ways we can strengthen these important thinking mindset attributes. Foresight, also called analyticity, is the habit of anticipating potential difficulties and striving to foresee consequences of decisions. Drive is the consuming internal demand to achieve personal and professional excellence and to achieve a group’s shared vision. And organization, often called systematicity or focus, is the persistence to work through problems in an organized, systematic, and orderly way.
Adaptable, Resourceful, and Inventive
This module addresses the significance of adaptability, resourcefulness, and inventiveness, along with ways we can strengthen these important thinking mindset attributes. An adaptable person has an appetite for innovation and system changes. The person is resilient, flexible, and welcoming toward the need for change in life and work. The resourceful person has the drive to find the means necessary to fulfill responsibilities. Inventiveness is the creativity and self-reliance to respond to emergent events. Adaptability, resourcefulness, inventiveness, resilience, and self-reliance are closely linked personal and professional attributes.
Motivational, Open-Minded, and Professional
This module addresses the significance of being motivational, open-minded, and professional, along with ways we can strengthen these important thinking mindset attributes. The motivational leader effectively communicates enthusiasm for the work at hand and inspires others to give their best. The open-minded person respects diversity in work and life. This includes showing due respect for different perspectives, opinions, and suggestions. Professionalism means taking an appropriate approach to social interactions in work environments by maintaining focus on work responsibilities.
Learning Modules that Train Strategies (Critical Thinking Skills)
The Strategies modules stimulate a better understanding of the impact of problem solving skills and provide strategies to avoid common errors.
Getting the Problem Right
Develop your critical thinking skills of analysis and interpretation. This module focuses on the first, and perhaps most important, step of effective problem-solving, namely getting the problem right. Analytical skills enable us to consider all the key elements in any given situation, and to determine how those elements relate to one another. A strongly skilled problem solver uses these skills to determine the issues that must be addressed and to understand the complexities of the problem.
Clarifying Meaning and Spotting Nonsense
Interpretation is a core critical thinking skill. We use it in the process of discovering, determining, or assigning meaning. Interpretation skills can be applied to anything, e.g. written messages, charts, diagrams, maps, graphs, memes, and verbal and non-verbal exchanges. This module presents several tried and true critical thinking strategies for dealing effectively with problematic vagueness and problematic ambiguity. Learn how to spot deceptive messages that twist what words mean in order to control people.
Analyzing Spoken Arguments
Making decisions in real time conversational contexts involves suggestion and evaluating options, offering reasons pro and con, and explaining why one choice appears to be superior to others. “Spoken arguments” as used here refers to those formal and informal conversations aimed at analyzing or evaluating a situation and determining what choice, if any, is to be made. Use this module to develop and to integrate your skills of analysis, inference, evaluation, and explanation as applied to the problem-solving and decision-making that occurs in conversational contexts.
At every level of an organization, members are called upon to set priorities and to differentiate the quality of alternative possible choices that fall within their responsibilities. The key to successful problem-solving by individuals and teams goes beyond evaluation only, we must be able to explain the reasons behind our evaluations by giving a fair-minded account of the reasons and evidence that support a given choice. This module focuses these evaluation and explanation skills as related to life and workplace problems and responsibilities.
Develop your critical thinking evaluation skills as applied to assessing the credibility of claims. The four strategies presented include assessing the credibility of the source of the claim, estimating the plausibility of the claim itself, investigating the claim independently, and suspending judgement. Topics include trust as related to the stages of human cognitive development, and how to recognize misleading claims such as fake news, false advertising, political propaganda, slanted language, and loaded expressions.
Reasoning in Logically Precise Contexts
Develop the deductive reasoning skills necessary to anticipate outcomes and to see logical consequences. Effective people must be able infer with certainty the correct applications and the exact logical implications of a given set of conditions, rules, directives, principles, policies, or regulations which shape and constrain their problem-solving. Making logically precise deductive inferences and evaluating arguments for validity are core critical thinking skills.
Reasoning in Ambiguous Contexts
Develop the inductive reasoning skills needed for problem-solving in contexts of risk, ambiguity and uncertainty. Strength in inductive and inferential reasoning lead problem solvers to determine the solution that has the strongest likelihood of success, given the information at hand. Although it does not yield certainty, inductive reasoning can provide decision makers with a solid basis for confidence in their conclusions and a reasonable basis for action.
Reasoning in Quantitative Contexts
The ability to reason well in contexts involving numerical data is essential in every field. Problem solvers must be able to interpret and evaluate vital information presented in a variety of numerical formats. This module develops your skills at making judgments based on quantitative information by focusing on how quantitative information is gathered, manipulated, and represented textually, verbally, and visually in graphs, charts, tables and diagrams. Numeracy, quantitative reasoning, uses all our critical thinking skills.
The memories and emotions triggered by an apt comparison or a clever analogy can be extraordinarily persuasive. A strong critical thinker knows how analogies and other comparative reasoning strategies can be used to explain, to influence, and to evaluate when making or justifying decisions. Develop critical thinking skills of explanation and evaluation as applied to these powerfully effective, but often misguided, reasoning shortcuts. Comparative “this-is-like-that” reasoning is one of the three main modalities of human inference and explanation. The other two are “top-down” and “bottom-up” reasoning. Each of the three has its best uses and its serious limitations.
Top-Down reasoning begins with high level principles, policies, and/or commitments. Once a business, a community, or an individual person is committed to a clear set of broad generalizations or core beliefs, the next logical step is to ask what those commitments imply for how we should act. Develop critical thinking skills of explanation and evaluation as applied in the deductive reasoning process. Deductive “top-down” principles-first reasoning is one of the three main modalities of human inference and explanation. The other two are “this-is-like that” and “bottom-up” reasoning. Each of the three has its best uses and its serious limitations.
Bottom-Up reasoning begins with a set of specific facts and, from those, reason upward, with a measure of warranted confidence, toward broader generalizations. Our professional and personal experiences shape our expectations because of our natural tendency to use this inductive form of reasoning. Develop critical thinking skills of explanation and evaluation as applied in the inductive reasoning process. Inductive “bottom-up” empirical reasoning is one of the three main modalities of human inference and explanation. The other two are “this-is-like that” and “top-down” reasoning. Each of the three has its best uses and its serious limitations.
Comparing Three Modes of Reasoning
This brief commentary is by an international scholar and leader in critical thinking, Dr. Pete Facione. He invites you to consider the influence of different modes of reasoning. He compares the three main ways we have of offering explanations: “This-is-Like-That,” “Top-Down,” and “Bottom-Up” reasoning. These three are not at all equal when it comes to everyday problem-solving and decision-making. Each is valuable in a different way, but each has limitations, some more serious than others. In a personal message to you, the lead author of these training modules describes practical value and the associated dangers of each of the three.
Decision-Making Traps and Releases
In the workplace, as in the rest of life, all human decision-making is driven by two simultaneously functioning cognitive engines. One relies heavily on thinking shortcuts, called heuristics, to arrive quickly and confidently at judgments. The other engine is reflective, deliberative, and more thorough in analyzing situations. The two can produce conflicting results, that push and pull that many describe as the conflict between what your head tells you and what your heart tells you. By enumerating the advantages and the risks of the Top 10 Decision-Making Traps, this module explains how to harness the advantages of each of the two systems.
Preview This Comprehensive Online Critical Thinking Course
Keys & Strategies Critical Thinking is a tested training course pack, developed by leading critical thinking experts. Focused on college and adult learners, it includes all the curricular materials faculty need to deliver an effective learning experience.
Instructors control sequencing and the emphasis placed on the course content, can integrate additional course material as desired, and can determine the timing of the self-assessment. They can enable students to engage in fully remote, asynchronous, self-instructional learning, or use the modules in a guided virtual or flex learning environment.
The Keys & Strategies Critical Thinking Course pack includes a two part diagnostic assessment that objectively measures the thinking mindset and reasoning skills of course participants. The online, validated assessment is aligned with the complete set of thinking mindset attributes (keys) and reasoning skills (strategies) in the course. Individual and group assessment reports provide objective data about individual and group strength and weakness.
Keys & Strategies Course Assessment
The Keys & Strategies course pack includes an online personal assessment of critical thinking. This research-based, validated assessment provides an opportunity for each student to document their strengths and identify areas for growth.
Comprehensive Individual reports help students see why strength in critical thinking is personally important to them. Instructors will receive group reports of student performance on the Keys & Strategies assessment to demonstrate student achievement and curriculum effectiveness.
Critical Thinking Keys: 8 Thinking Mindset Metrics
- Truth-seeking: The courage to follow reasons and evidence wherever they lead
- Organized: Being systematic about problem solving and decision-making
- Open-mindedness: A willingness to consider a variety of alternative opinions
- Judgment: The expectation of making timely, well-considered judgments
- Foresight: A consistent effort to anticipate consequences
- Honorable: The expectation of behaving honestly and speaking truthfully
- Confidence in Reasoning: A disciplined trust and reliance on well-reasoned judgment
- Inventive: The drive to respond creatively to emerging opportunities and risks
Critical Thinking Strategies: 6 Thinking Skills Metrics
- Reasoning with Uncertainty: Reasoning well when complete and unambiguous knowledge is not possible
- Reasoning with Precision: Drawing logical conclusions given rigorously specific rules and exact information
- Analytical Reasoning: Identifying the problem at hand by its elements and their relationships
- Evaluative Reasoning: Judging the quality of reasons and the credibility of claims
- Quantitative Reasoning: Numeracy, applying critical thinking in quantitative informational contexts
- CT Strategies Overall Score: Strength in sustained, focused, and integrative use of critical thinking skills to determine what to believe or what to do.
All of these skills and mindset attributes are addressed in the Keys & Strategies Critical Thinking Learning Modules. The modules provide a very rich explanation of each component of strong thinking as well as active learning exercised designed to build these qualities in your trainees.